In our last lesson, we have discussed philosophical assumptions and research philosophies. Todays lesson will discuss the approaches to social science research that emanates from the paradigms. Research Approaches are classified using various elements.
There are various research approaches but this lesson will discuss the two main approaches that are applicable in social science research. These are Basic Vs. Applied approach based on the utility of research findings and Quantitative and Qualitative approach based on the types of data collected.
Basic research is the type of research where the findings have no immediate use. It is used to develop principles, theories and laws and it is mainly theoretical. Applied research is the type of research that is aimed at solving a particular issue as experienced by the client. It seeks to alleviate current problems in various fields and is mostly concerned with end-usage.
Quantitative research is the type of research approach which collects numerical data while qualitative research is the type of research approach which collects narrative data. These approaches emanate from positivism and social-constructivism paradigm respectively. Welcome as we explore more of these approaches.